in Linux, rhce

RHCE6 Preperation (6) – httpd, lvm, grep, ssh, nfs

1, install the http server, make it automatically startup

yum install -y http*
/etc/init.d/httpdd start
chkconfig httpd on

2, create logical volume, name as lv0, lv0 belong to logical group vg0, PE size as 8M, logical volume as 40 PE, formatted as ext4, mount to /data, and make it automatically mounted when start,

fdisk /dev/sda

to create physical partition, label as 0x8e, make it usable by partx command,


partx -a /dev/sda


create pv,

pvcreate /dev/sda4

create vg, the PE size as 8M

vgcreate –s 8M vg0 /dev/sda4

 create lv, name as lv0, size as 40 PE.

lvcreate –l 40 –n lv0 vg0

formatted the system as ext4, better use the disk mapping system,

mkfs –t ext4 /dev/mapper/vg0-lv0

mount to /data, if there is no data folder, create it,

mount /dev/mapper/vg0-lv0 /data

add the auto mount to fstab,  /etc/fstab

/dev/mapper/vg0-lv0 /data ext4 defaults 0 0

another way to create the logical volume, logical volume name as engineering, belong to group development, 20 extends, 32M size for each extend in the logic group development, use vfat format to format and auto mounted to /mnt/engineering

fdisk /dev/sda
p #check the status of the partition
n #create new partition
p #the primary partition
#size as +800M
w #save

command “sytstem-config-lvm” to enter the UI, create the logical group as development, physical extend size as 32M, select eh logical view, and create the logical volume name as engineering, the UI interface doesn’t have the vfat format, needs to use the command to format the logical volume.

mkfs.vfat /dev/development/engineering
mkdir /mnt/engineering
vim /etc/fstab

add one line to auto mount,

/dev/development/engineering /mnt/engineering vfat defaults 0 0

to mount all,

mount -a

3, find the lines in the /etc/testfile contains “abcde”, and dump into /tmp/testfile, and the sequence should be the same as /etc/testfile

to see the content of the /etc/testfile,

cat /etc/testfile

grep command search /etc/testfile,

grep -n [abcde] /etc/testfile > /tmp/testfile

4, configure the SSH as, has the remote access to your machine from with, client with the remote.test cannot access to ssh to your system

modify the /etc/host.allow, to add one line,


modify the /etc/host.deny, to add one line,

sshd: .remote.test

add auto on,

chkconfig sshd on

5, Export your /common directory via NFS to the domain only

modify the /etc/export, add one line,

/common *,sync)

restart the nfs and make it auto on,

/etc/init.d/nfs restart
chkconfig nfs on

test the result at the instructor computer, make sure the firewall let the nfs service go through, otherwise the problem will be,

[root@instructor ~]# showmount -e
clnt_create: RPC: Port mapper failure - Unable to receive: errno 113 (No route to host)

enable the firewall to allow the nfs go through, two ways to do this,

a, let the eth0 to allow all service go through,

iptables -I INPUT 4 -i eth0 -j ACCEPT
service iptables save

b, let the firewall to allow specific port to go through,

modify the nfs configuration file, to let the nfs to use the fixed port,

vim /etc/sysconfig/nfs

uncomment this line


restart the nfs service

service nfs restart

add three line in the iptables,

-A INPUT -p tcp -m state --state NEW -m tcp --dport 111 -j ACCEPT
-A INPUT -p udp -m state --state NEW -m udp --dport 111 -j ACCEPT
-A INPUT -p tcp -m state --state NEW -m tcp --dport 892 -j ACCEPT

restart the iptables,

service iptables restart

test on the instructor computer again,

[root@instructor ~]# showmount -e
Export list for
/home   *


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