Python use Selenium to control the browser is easy to use, and can do lots of stuff, recently used it as automatic login the website and reply the forum post at certain interval.
pip install selenium
You have to download the webdriver and put somewhere in your computer.
For Chrome, it’s “chromedriver.exe”.
For Firefox, no webdriver file required, however you will require to download “geckodriver.exe”, it’s similar to “chromedriver.exe”, otherwise you will encounter below error:
#selenium.common.exceptions.WebDriverException: Message: 'geckodriver' executable needs to be in PATH.
You can refer to this Link to download “geckodriver.exe”.
Python script is really simple.
Import selenium webdriver
from selenium import webdriver
Connect Chrome Browser
#your path to store your chromedriver.exe chrome_path = r"C:\Users\xionghuilin\Desktop\chromedriver.exe" driver = webdriver.Chrome(chrome_path)
For Firefox case
driver = webdriver.Firefox()
Goto url address
def goturl(driver,url): try: driver.get(url) except: return False return True while True: if goturl(driver,"http://your url intended to go"): break; #waiting for browser to response time.sleep(1)
Input username/password and Login
To get the element name, ID or class name, you can right click on the website, then click “Inspect Element”(For Chrome or Firefox).
mm = "用户名" #if it is unicode, requires to decode as utf-8 mm = unicode(mm.decode("utf-8")) user=driver.find_element_by_name("element name of the username") user.clear() user.send_keys(mm) password=driver.find_element_by_id("element ID of password") password.send_keys("password") login=driver.find_element_by_class_name("the element on the browser") login.click() #wait for browser to response time.sleep(1)
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